Study in Canada from Nepal
Canada is the largest country in North America and the second largest country globally. It is made up of 10 provinces and three territories. It is in the north of the continent, and the city of Ottawa is its capital. With its open-door immigration policies, Canada has made it easier to go to university there. It is also famous for international students to take vocational and diploma courses. According to data from Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), in 2021, 621,565 international students were enrolled in programs in Canada that lasted at least six months. This information shows how appealing Canada is as a place to go to school.
How Canada’s education system works
Different provinces and territories in Canada have different ways of running schools. Most places offer education in both English and French as long as enough students in that area speak the other language. Most high schools last from 9th to 12th grade. In Québec, grade 11 is the last year of high school. After that, students go to CEGEP, which prepares them for college or a technical field.
After this, students can go to vocational schools or go college. At a university, they will first get a Bachelor’s degree, and then they can keep studying to get a Master’s or Doctorate degree. Students in vocational schools will get certificates and diplomas that will help them get better at different trades.
International Students’ Guide to Canada as a Place to Study
Students always want to know how they can go to school in Canada. The first step is to apply to a university in Canada. You can apply for a study permit for Canada once you have been accepted. Students should also know how to apply for Canada from start to finish. We’ll tell you everything you need to know about moving to Canada in this guide. We will discuss everything, from their education system to the best schools for international students in Canada.
Popular Student Destinations in Canada
Universities like McGill University, The University of British Columbia, University of Alberta, and Simon Fraser University are popular places to get a full-time degree. Most of the best colleges in the country are in big cities like Toronto, Montreal, and British Columbia. There will be 621,565 international students in Canada by the end of 2021. The people who got the most out of this were Indian students. In the year 2021, 217,410 Neplese students got study permits.
Canada is the best place for vocational studies instead of degree programs because vocational studies seem to lead to more jobs. Canada is a good place to move to because there are so many jobs and there aren’t that many people there.
Postgraduate diplomas in business management, media, engineering, computer science, and hospitality are the most popular courses for international students in Canada who want to go to college.
How to Apply to Canadian Colleges or Universities in Nepal?
The rules are different for each study program and level. Nepalese students must meet a minimum English language requirement for each course, whether a UG or a Master’s. For the humanities stream in class XII, you need at least 65% and at least 70–80% for the science/commerce stream in class XII to study in Canada. Students under 60% can choose from Foundations and Diploma programs. Before beginning a degree program, the student should have been 18 years old.
Many students outside Canada want to go to Canada to get their master’s degrees. People who want to get into MS programs in Canada need to know the minimum GPA for a master’s degree in Canada. At the master’s level, there is a huge demand from international students to study STEM or business courses in Canada. In Canada, the minimum GPA you need to get an MS is a three on a scale of 4. This is about 70–75% when you look at it as a percentage and 7.0–7.4 when you look at it as a CGPA. You can find out how to turn percentages into GPAs here.
Also, the following papers need to be sent in:
1. Certified copies of the Standard X, Standard XII, and Bachelor’s degree mark sheets (if applicable)
2. At least two letters of recommendation from professors who taught you in the last five years.
3. If you’ve worked before, you’ll need two letters of recommendation from an employer or manager who knows you well and can discuss your work skills.
3. A statement of purpose (SOP)
5. Copies of GMAT, IELTS, and TOEFL score reports
6. Portfolio (in case of Students applying for art and design courses & architecture programs)
7. Other (certificates and accomplishments at the state and national levels, as well as activities outside of school)
8. Evidence of money
9. Tests for health
SOP: Your Statement of Purpose (SOP) tells the college and admissions officers about you. It is always written in the first person and explains why the applicant wants to go to a specific college. It needs to show why you are perfect for the college and why it should accept you. The writing style could be formal or informal, but it’s essential to remember that it should also show who you are.
Essay: Essays must also be submitted by people who want to go to college. Essays are an essential part of getting into college. Students may have to write one or two essays and have the choice to write a few more. Topics like career goals, strengths and weaknesses, skills, experiences, and why you want to go to a specific school are common.
LOR: A letter of recommendation (LOR) is a reference letter written by a third party about the prospective student’s qualities, characteristics, and skills to recommend him to the college in terms of his ability to do a specific task or function. The third person could be a teacher, boss, etc.
Seasons of Arrival (Intake ) in Canada
Most schools start the session in September and January, but some also start in May, July, and October. In Canada, September is the primary intake season for the best courses, while January is the minor intake season for a smaller number of courses.
It would be best if you started getting ready for admission about six months before the deadline. From October to January, most universities have three deadlines. It’s up to the students to decide which deadline works best for them. You should finish your language and skills tests three months before the deadline. The last three months should ensure that the application form is filled out correctly.
It is essential to ensure that the “complete application process,” which includes showing up for interviews and applying for a visa, is done by June or July for the September intake.
The most popular time to start at a top college or course is in the fall, which is September. It depends on the course you want to take because January is not a time when many courses start.
If you want to get into a vocational course, you may be able to do so in January or even May or July.
Timeline for Canadian University
Most colleges in Canada let you apply online. To apply, you will need to go to each college’s website. Most of the time, you will need to create an account on the college’s website to give basic information about yourself, submit scanned copies of your documents, and pay application fees. This account will tell you about the stages and steps of the application process.
Please check the websites of the colleges you’re interested in to find out how to apply, as the steps may vary from school to school.
The most common steps for getting into a university
1. Find colleges and courses
2. Contact schools and visit their websites for information
3. Narrow down the list of schools
4. Take tests like the SAT, GMAT, GRE, TOEFL, and IELTS.
5. Make SOPs and ask for LORs
6. Send your applications to colleges that match your interests
7. Show up for video interviews with the colleges you were shortlisted for.
8. Apply for a student visa if you are accepted.
Application Fee: When you apply to a college, you have to pay an application fee. Check with each college to find out how much their application fee is. The amount will depend on the college and course to which you are applying.
Work hour restriction in Canada
To compensate for the lack of workers in the economy, Canada took away the rule that international students could only work 20 hours per week.
Security in Canada
Canada is one of the safest places in the world, and its standard of living is one of the best in the world. Canada is a free country where people are judged mostly by what they do and who they are, not by how they look or where they come from.
Weather in Canada
The weather is very different in different parts of Canada. Canada covers five time zones from the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean.
Weather in Montreal: In the winter, it’s cold and snowy here. The wind-chill factor can make the cold in Montreal feel even worse. Usually, snow starts in November and lasts until March. During the winter, temperatures range from -6°C to -15°C during the day. Temperatures range from 15°C to 25°C in the summer.
Weather in Toronto: Toronto’s winter weather is not as cold and snowy as in most other Canadian cities. Temperatures range from 15°C to 25°C in the summer. During the winter, the temperature during the day ranges from -10°C to 12°C.
Weather in Vancouver: The weather in Vancouver is consistently wet but not too cold. In the summer, the average temperature in Vancouver is 22°C, which is pleasantly warm. The winters are wet, but it rarely snows.
Lifestyle Advice for Students
People say that Canadians have an open mind and are proud of their country’s multicultural and diverse population. Canada is just like any other country in that it has rules about how people should act. Here are some suggestions:
1. Be on time for both business and personal events.
2. Be polite in what you say and how you act.
3. Canadians believe that men and women are equal, so be kind to the other sex.
4. Don’t make jokes or comments that make fun of people’s race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, disability, or the way they look.
5. Don’t ask people about their age, salary, marital status, relationships, or the price of personal things until you know them well.
Language Problems face Students
At first, it can be hard to live in a place where you have to use English or sometimes French every day. Some language problems you might run into when you first get there are:
1. You might not immediately understand the local accent. Canada has a lot of different regional accents. Give yourself some time to get used to the local accent.
2. You might not be understood right away by Canadians. You’ll have your accent as well. Talk slowly, and if you can’t understand someone, don’t hesitate to ask them to speak more slowly.
3. Canadians speak with a lot of slang, and it might take a while to understand everything.
4. Humor is a big part of the Canadian English language. This should be seen as a friendly gesture, not a sign of disrespect.
5. Canadians use many short forms when talking (for example, TA for Teachers Assistant or Poli Sci for Political Science). If you don’t understand something, all you have to do is ask what it means.
In addition to sports, colleges offer a wide range of extracurricular activities that give students a lot of different experiences. Colleges have music, drama, science, and literary societies that provide opportunities to learn outside and do other fun things. College life includes trips to theaters, concerts, and places related to the courses, like art galleries, museums, religious centers, historical sites, scientific companies, and projects.
International students must attend orientation week, so you must ensure you get there before it starts. During this time, you will learn about the university and its services. You will also sign up for classes. It is essential that you read your guidebook, which the college gives you. The guide explains each step of how to get into a school.
First, you have to decide if you want to live in a place run by the university or with a private landlord. If the university is in charge of your housing, you can choose to have it catered to or do it yourself. With catered lodging, your meals are cooked for you, and you know roughly how much each meal will cost.
If you know what you like, the housing office at your university will be able to tell you what kind of housing they have. This is where you should start looking. If you want to rent from a private landlord or if the university you want to go to doesn’t have any housing options, the accommodation office should be able to give you a list of private properties and landlords in the area.
No matter where you decide to live, you should know your contractual rights and obligations. Most of the time, you will be asked to sign a lease. Before you sign it, you should read it carefully.
How much it costs for international students to live in Canada
The cost of living depends greatly on where you live in Canada and how much you hang out with others. Some of the most essential things for an international student to know about living in Canada are:
1. Accommodation rent ( on campus or off campus )
2. Food and grocery items
3. Services such as electricity, water, gas, and the internet
4. Phone bills
5. Textbooks and guidebooks
6. Cost of the flight back to India
Other things that may be different for each person are:
1. Dining out
2. Vacations and trips
3. Renting and insuring a car
4. Cable TV connection
A student spends about Rs 9.5 Lakh per year on average. But a student’s costs also depend on where they live. Students living in a big city like Toronto or Vancouver could spend up to CAD 15,000. On the other hand, a student in the suburbs would spend between CAD 8,000 and CAD 10,000 per year.
Cost of Education in Canada
The cost of tuition is different at different universities, for different courses, and in different cities. For a first-year college course, the average cost of tuition in Canada might be Rs 35 lakh per year. And if you want to go to graduate school, the average cost of tuition and fees would be about Rs 18 lakh per year.
Health insurance: Health insurance is required for international students because they have to stay in another country for a long time. Before buying a policy, make sure it covers medical bills, accidents, dental care, study interruptions, lost passports, etc. Insurance is primarily cashless, meaning a student doesn’t have to pay money when hospitalized. All international students must have basic health insurance and either extended health insurance or basic health insurance. Your school will tell you everything you need to know about health insurance.
General Test for Admission or scholarship to Canadian University
GMAT: The Graduate Management Aptitude Test (GMAT) is used to see if a person who wants to get an MBA has the skills to go to college and study business or management. It tests the student’s skills in math, English, and reasoning.
GRE: The Graduate Record Examination is another test that students who want to take an MA or MS and graduate school must take. More and more business schools are also accepting GRE scores to get into an MBA program.
LSAT: The LSAT, or Law School Admission Test, is a standard test that is a big part of getting into law school. It allows law schools to measure how well an applicant can read and use language to make decisions.
SAT: The Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT) measures the reading and Writing skills you need to do well in college. This test measures how well the people taking it can analyze and solve problems, skills they learned in school and will need in college. High school students often take the SAT to get into college courses after high school.
Applying to a university will tell you which test scores are needed for the course you want to take. But if they give you a choice between these two, it’s up to you to decide.
Retakes and Fees: You can take the GMAT as often as you want, but you can only assume it five times a year, and there must be at least 16 days between each test. You can retake these tests after 30 days have passed since the first time. The GMAT costs $275, the GRE costs $213, and the SAT costs $104. If you want to start in September, you should take these tests by November (of the year before), so you can apply before the 1st deadline. Usually, getting ready takes between 4 and 6 months.
Average Scores: The average score universities will accept on the GMAT is 540. The average Verbal GRE score is 151, Quantitative is 146, and Writing is 3.5. The average LSAT score that universities will accept is 162.
It’s important to remember that these numbers are just for reference, and the actual scores may vary from university to university.
Scholarships for Study in Canada
International students can get fee waivers based on their abilities and financial needs. Scholarships and other forms of financial aid are available to students who do well in school, do well on standardized tests, and do well in extracurricular activities. To take advantage of these chances, you must send in all the necessary paperwork by a specific date. How the application is put together is also important because people judge you based on your appearance.
Documents required: The following documents are usually needed to apply for a scholarship, but the requirements may be different:
1. School records and copies of them
A recent resume
3. An intent letter, which serves as a cover page
4. Proof that you can speak a language (TOEFL or IELTS scores)
5. Reference letters (LOR)
What kinds of visas are there in Canada?
1. Temporary Visas
2. Student Visas
3. Parents and grandparents can get “Super Visas.”
4. Visitor Visa
5. Permits to work
6. Immigration in the Business Class
7. Federal Skilled Worker Visa
8. Visa for the Canadian Experience Class
9. Federal Skilled Trades Program
10. Provincial Nomination Programs
11. Program for Selected Skilled Workers in Quebec
12. Program for Families to Sponsor
13. Live-in Caregiver Program (LCP)
What are the requirements to get a student visa for Canada?
You should apply for a Canada student visa once you get the letter from the college saying that you’ve been accepted. If you want to start in September, you should begin the visa process around June. Here are the things you need to apply.
1. Proof of acceptance: If you want to go to any school (primary or secondary), college, university, or other educational institution in Canada, the school must fill out and send you a letter of acceptance. You must send the original letter and your study permit application.
2. A way to prove who you are, like a valid passport or driver’s license.
3. Proof of financial support: You must show that you have enough money to support yourself and any family members who come with you to Canada.
There may be more paperwork needed.
During the personal interview, the interviewer might ask for more documents. These could be papers that show proof of your academic or financial status. Some of these are:
Transcripts, diplomas, degrees, or certificates from the schools you attended
Test scores from the TOEFL, SAT, GRE, or GMAT
Your plan to leave Canada after you finish the course of study
How you will pay for school, living costs, and travel
How to Get a Visa to Study in Canada
To get a visa, you have to do a few things.
Check how long it takes: Getting a visa could take anywhere from 3 to 4 weeks. Visit the website of the Canadian consulate to get an idea of how long it will take to process the student visa. Please remember that the time shown is an estimate, not a promise.
Figure out how you’ll apply. You can use it in two ways:
Apply online: You’ll need a scanner or camera to make digital copies of your documents that you can upload and a valid credit card to pay. Students from Asia, Asia Pacific, and the Americas will have to give a fingerprint scan at the regional Visa Application Centre starting on December 31, 2021. (VAC).
Come to the office: Get the application kit and read the guide that comes with it. The instruction guide tells you how to apply for a study permit and gives you essential information about them. Use the document checklist and carefully read the manual.
Pay the fee to process: Check the fee schedule to find out how much a study permit will cost and how to pay for it. In all cases, you can’t get your money back for the processing fee. For biometrics, there will be more than 130 VACs in over 90 countries, and all of them will be able to collect biometric information (fingerprints and photographs). Indian students who want to apply for a visa need to contact the VFS office in their area. The cost of a study permit, including extensions, is CAD 150, which will cost you CAD 350 to get your student status back.
If your spouse/common-law partner and children are coming with you and you want them to get temporary resident visas, work permits, or study permits, you will have to pay the appropriate processing fees.
Send in your application and any supporting documents. You can’t mail your application because you need to give your biometrics. You can either apply online or go to a VFS office to hand in your application in person. Either way, you’ll need to go to a VAC to give your biometrics.
Medical Exam: Nepalese applicants for a visa to Canada must take a medical exam as part of the process. Your doctor can’t do the medical exam. You must see a doctor on the list of panel physicians, which you can find on the official Canada immigration website at http://www.cic.gc.ca. The results will be sent to CIC when the doctor completes your medical exam. You can take the test before or after sending in your visa application.
Visa for Spouse
On a Dependent visa, full-time students can bring their spouses with them. You only need to show that there are enough funds to support them. If a person stays for a year or more, their spouse can also work full time.
Pre-departure List for study in Canada from Nepal
1. Buy tickets for a flight
2. Get insurance for travel and your health
3. Set up a place to stay in Canada
4. Set up a ride from the airport to your home in Canada.
5. Set up your banking and think about getting traveler’s checks.
6. Check the limits on bags and customs
6. Hand in all of your paperwork to your home school.
Get your papers in order and make copies to keep in your luggage and at home, such as:
2. Tickets for flights
3. Travel insurance certificate
4. Acceptance letter from the school;
5. Important addresses and phone numbers
6. A statement from the bank that shows proof of funds
7. Prescriptions for any medicines you’re taking.
8. Traveler’s checks, if you have them.
9. Records of medical care and shots
10. Past grades and transcripts from college
Post-Graduation Work Permit Program (PGWP Canada)
You should keep in mind that your study permit is good for the length of your studies plus 90 days. During these 90 days, you must either get ready to leave Canada or apply to stay longer. If you want to visit in Canada after your student status ends, you must use at least 30 days before it does.
Students who have studied at a Canadian university or college that is part of the PGWPP can get work experience in Canada. Through the Canadian Experience Class, students who get work experience through the PGWPP will be able to stay in Canada permanently (CEC).
Duration: A work permit after graduation can’t last longer than the student’s course of study. For instance, if your post-graduate course was two years long, your work permit will also be for two years.
For you to be able to get a work permit, the program you are taking must last at least eight months.
To get a Post-Study Work Permit in Canada (PGWP Canada), you must meet the following requirements:
You should have gone to Canada and taken a full-time course there.
Your course should have gone on for longer than 8 months.
You must have graduated from a public or private post-secondary school or
You should apply for a work permit within 90 days (three months) of getting an official letter from the Institute saying that you have finished your education.
Only if you have a student visa will you be able to get a work permit.
You can pay for the Open Work Permit Holder fee and the Standard Work Permit fee online or by hand in Canadian dollars.
You can’t get a work permit for longer than the length of your course. If your course lasts eight months, your work permit will also previous eight months.
Placements in Canada
Students from Nepal are used to getting jobs through campus placements and being hired on campus. In Canada, there is no such thing as a placement. Most universities in Canada have something called a “Career Services Center” that helps students find jobs and get ready for interviews. Recruiting on campus is always based on what students are interested in. Companies that hire through the University do not offer jobs directly. What they offer is a co-op or an internship. Before hiring you full-time, companies like to see your work for a few months.
Program for Co-Op Education in Canada
In a Cooperative program, there are times when you study and times when you work. The Student Co-op program is a formal program whose goal is to find students for permanent jobs after they graduate while they are still in school. Colleges and universities are usually where co-op programs take place. Indian students who want to do a co-op or internship must apply for a study and work permit.
Criteria for eligibility: For a co-op, you need to meet the following requirements:
You must have a valid study visa
Your planned job must be related to what you are studying in Canada.
Your job must be a part of your academic program, and a letter from a responsible academic official at the school must say so.
Flow the process given in this post for study in Canada.
Why should I study in Canada?
For the best education and opportunities
How much money do you need to study in Canada?
There are different costs for different courses and levels; all information is given in the list.
Who is eligible for free education in Canada?
Technically, free education is not available in Canada; however, Students who have completed undergraduate or graduate, or postgraduate and general tests GRE or GMAT, and SAT and language preference tests could apply for a scholarship.