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Study in USA from Nepal
A Guide to the United States for Study Abroad Students
Students, especially those from Nepal, do not have to worry about encountering prejudice in the United States due to the country’s vast cultural diversity. So, the USA is a safe place for Nepalese students. Suppose you have settled on the United States as a location for your education abroad. In that case, you can rest assured that you have made the right decision because the United States is often regarded as a top place to pursue post-secondary education. There are certain characteristics that distinguish one place from another, even if the reasons why students should consider visiting a country can vary greatly from one another. Listed below are some of the many reasons why traveling to the United States for higher education can be an excellent choice. This USA study guide for international students will provide you with all the information you need to study in the USA. You’ll find it all from popular colleges to lifestyle advice, housing, and the application process. The United States continues to be the most popular destination for students from more than 200 other countries, according to a 2021 report by Open Doors.
Customizable information to meet your needs
The United States offers the most options compared to educational opportunities in other countries. There is a learning opportunity for everyone, regardless of their skill level or career goals, now that such a diverse range of learning options are available. Many educational institutions in the United States adopt some classes specifically for the needs of foreign students.
Flexibility for education
It is common for students in the United States to change universities after completing the first two years of undergraduate education while remaining in the same faculty. Most schools are willing to accept credits earned at other colleges for the same class. Therefore, you do not need to attend the same institution for all four years of your education to obtain your degree. Because of this flexibility, you have the chance to transfer your credits to a school with a good grade if you maintain high enough standards.
Students who wish to enroll in a graduate program but have not yet chosen a major are welcome to submit an application for the program and may make that decision later. In addition, students can select credits from different departments in the areas they are most interested in.
You can reach more people and make more contacts.
This is true for any country where you want to study abroad, not just the US. Networking is essential to every career; people who find the right connections will rise in their field. People who live or work abroad and speak more than one language will have a considerable advantage over other job seekers. At American universities, you can meet famous people in your fields. This will be very important once you work in the area.
Diversity and variety
You can go to a large public university or college or a small private university if you want to be part of a small group. People in America are also very different from each other. Along with people from the United States, you will meet people from other cultures, such as Mexicans, Asians, and Indians. The United States is basically a multiracial society that is still accepting new immigrants. This makes it a melting pot of communities and cultures that are constantly changing, which will help you learn more about the world.
How can Nepalese study in America?
Nepalis receive the most high-skilled H-1B visas and also make up the largest group of international students in the US. According to U.S. government records, immigrants from Nepal are better educated, speak better English, come to the U.S. on work visas, and are less likely to live below the poverty line than all immigrants. Many Nepalis work in STEM fields, which stand for science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.
The Education system of the United States
Education in America: Many students who want to attend college in the US are surprised to learn that the country has no education system. The federal government can only influence education by giving money, which is not much. However, there are state exams that must be passed in order to graduate. When choosing a college or university, students have many options in higher education. Although some groups attempt to rank American colleges and universities, “fit” is also a significant consideration. The GPA of admitted students is essential, but a prospective student will also look at the majors offered, the location, the number of students enrolled, and the campus culture. Some colleges and universities get money from the government, while others get money from private sources.
The most popular places for students: are Princeton University, Harvard University, Yale University, Columbia University, and Stanford University (in no particular order). On the east coast of the US, New England is where most of the country’s well-known academic institutions are located. Most of the best colleges in the country are in cities like Boston, New York, Cambridge, Old Saybrook, and New Haven. During the academic year 2019-20, about 193,124 Indian students were in the US. In the US, Indian students most often take courses in business management, computer science, finance and accounting, economics, communications and media, and physical and life sciences.
There are different kinds of colleges and universities in the US
Each of the 50 states in the US runs at least one university or college where students can get a good education at a low cost. The governments of their home states fund these universities, which have cutting-edge infrastructure. For instance, the University of California or Texas A&M. Different schools have different ways of picking students. In the USA, students need a certain minimum grade point average to get into college.
Private college or university
Private groups run these schools, which are more expensive than public ones.
The community colleges
Community colleges offer certifications or associate degrees that can be transferred that take two years to finish. Most people who graduate from a community college go to universities or four-year colleges to complete their degrees. They can take the credits they earned at the community college to the four-year college. Community colleges offer English as a Second Language (ESL) classes and other programs that help students get ready for college-level courses.
Institutes of Technology
These are the places where you can study science and technology for four years.
The College of Liberal Arts
Students who want to get a liberal arts degree focused on a subject of their choice called a “major” must also take General Education classes in almost all other issues offered. Most liberal arts schools have one large study area, while universities usually have the same major in two or more degree areas. Even if a student majors in math, they can still choose to be an engineer.
Also, read Top university in the USA
Some information about the US
Southwest: Cities like Phoenix and Las Vegas are in the Southwest, a hot desert area. In the summer, the average temperature would be between 40°C and 25°C. The average temperature in winter would be between 18°C and 4°C.
Southeast: Cities like Houston, New Orleans, Atlanta, and Charleston are in the southeast, which is warm to hot and humid. In the summer, the average temperature is between 35°C and 25°C. In the winter, the average temperature is between 10°C and 0°C.
Midwest: Cities like Wisconsin, Michigan, and Ohio are in the Midwest, Northern Plains, Great Lakes, and New England. These areas have a humid climate and are home to cities like these. In the summer, the average temperature is between 28°C and 15°C. In the winter, the average temperature is between 0°C and -9°C.
Atlantic Coast: Cities like St. Louis, Cincinnati, and New York City are in the central plains and East Coast, where the weather is mild and damp. In the summer, the average temperature is between 30°C and 18°C. In the winter, the average temperature is between 4°C and -3°C.
Pacific Northwest: Cities like Seattle and Portland are in the Pacific Northwest, which has a climate similar to the ocean. In the summer, the average temperature is between 30°C and 18°C. In the winter, the average temperature is between 4°C and -3°C.
Lifestyle tips: The United States is a large, diverse country that spans an entire continent. In American life, many cultural currents run together. To fit in with the locals, you must remember that American culture is very different from Indian culture. If you want to meet more people and get to know them, you need to do more things.
Know about professional sports. One way to start a conversation with a local is to talk about the NFL, NBA, or any other local professional sport. Sports are a great way to meet people in the area.
Outdoor activities: Americans like to spend time outside and play sports and games. Their lives are more active, and they want to meet new people and learn new skills.
Nightlife and music concerts: People go to social events like concerts and shows on the weekends, or they might go to a bar to watch a game. The weekend is an excellent time to hang out with people and take it easy, so your friends or classmates might invite you to a club. It would help if you had an open mind to meet new people and make friends.
Lifestyle tips: First, you need to decide if you want to live in a place where the university runs or if you will find a private landlord. You have the option of eating out or cooking for yourself if you choose a university-run site. The catered accommodation gives you the benefit of having your meals cooked for you and gives you some idea of how much they will cost.
If you know what you like, the housing office at your university will be able to tell you what kind of housing they have. This is where you should start looking. If you want to rent from a private landlord or if the university you want to go to doesn’t have any housing options, the accommodation office should be able to give you a list of private properties and landlords in the area.
No matter where you decide to live, you should know your contractual rights and obligations. Most of the time, you’ll be asked to sign a lease, which you should read carefully before you put your name on.
International students must attend orientation week, so make sure you get there before it starts. You’ll learn about the university and its services and sign up for classes during this time. The college will give you a guidebook, which you must read. The guide explains each step of the process for getting into a school.
In addition to sports, colleges offer a wide range of extracurricular activities that give students a lot of new experiences. Colleges have music, drama, science, and literary societies that provide opportunities to learn outside and do other fun things. College life includes going to the theater, concerts, and places like art galleries, museums, religious centers, historical sites, scientific companies, and projects.
How to apply to US universities from Nepal?
Most international students who want to attend college prefer to go to the United States. On the other hand, students don’t know how to apply to universities in the USA correctly. Most of the universities’ application processes will be the same, but each university’s application process must have its unique part. It depends on the type of study and the level.
Students should know when to start the application process for US universities before they try to get in. When do things have to be done? How many people can get into US universities? When can a student go to that place to study? Before applying to US universities, these are some of the most important things students should know. Universities in the US mostly accept new students in the fall and spring.
In contrast to India, universities in the United States divide the academic year into two parts called “semesters.” Students should choose whether they want to start school in the fall or spring. Students who wish to go to college to take undergraduate or graduate-level courses in September 2022 should know when they need to apply. Whether a university is public or private, there are rules about how to use it. Applicants should know the required minimum percentage to get into a master’s program in the United States, where MS is the most popular course.
These are different for different study plans and levels. For each class, Indian students will have to meet a certain level of English. You will also need a minimum academic record of 65% or higher for the humanities stream in class XII and 70–80% or more for the science/commerce stream in class XII. Students under 60% can choose from Foundations and Diploma programs. Before beginning a degree program, the student should have been 18 years old. (It’s important to note that these numbers are just for reference; the actual numbers may vary from university to university.)
The following documents also need to be sent in:
1. Attested copies of your class X, XII, and Bachelor’s degree mark sheets (if applicable)
2. At least two letters of recommendation from professors who taught you in the last five years. (The number of letters of recommendation depends on the school.)
If you have work experience, you need two letters of recommendation from an employer or manager who knows you well and can comment on your professional skills.
3. Statement of Purpose (SOP)
5. Score reports for the GMAT, GRE, IELTS, and TOEFL that have been photocopied (in case of students applying for art and design courses and architecture programs)
6. Others (certificates and accomplishments at the state and national levels, as well as activities outside of school)
7. Evidence of funds
Most colleges in the US let you apply to them online. To apply, you will need to go to each college’s website. Most of the time, you will need to create an account on the college’s website to give basic information about yourself, submit scanned copies of your documents, and pay application fees. Through this account, you will learn about the application process steps. Please look at the website of the college you want to attend to find out how to apply.
Application fee: When applying to a college, you must pay an application fee. Check with each college to find out how much their application fee is. The amount will depend on the college and course you are applying to.
Steps: The usual steps for applying for admission are:
1. Look for schools and programs.
2. You can get information from schools and websites.
3. Reduce the number of schools on your list.
4. Take the SAT, ACT, GMAT, GRE, TOEFL, and IELTS tests.
5. Make SOPs and ask for LORs.
6. Apply to the colleges that are right for you.
7. Watch video interviews with the colleges that made the shortlist.
8. Apply for a student visa if you are accepted.
People who want to go to college must also submit essays. Essays are an essential part of getting into college. Students may have to write one or two essays and have the choice to write a few more. Topics like career goals, strengths and weaknesses, skills, experiences, and why you want to attend a specific school are common.
SOP: Your Statement of Purpose (SOP) tells the college and admissions officers about you. It is always written in the first person and explains why the applicant wants to attend a specific college. It needs to show why you are perfect for the college and why it should accept you. The writing style could be formal or informal, but it’s essential to remember that it should also show who you are.
LOR: A letter of recommendation (LOR) is a reference letter that a third party writes about a prospective student’s qualities, characteristics, and skills to recommend him to the college in terms of his capacity to carry out a particular task or function. The third person could be a teacher, boss, etc.
Seasons of intake
There are two main times for students to start classes at US universities: September and January. However, some schools also begin classes in May, July, and October. In the US, September is the best time to get into the best courses, while January is the best time to get into a smaller number of courses.
Start working on your application at least six months before the deadline. Most colleges have two deadlines, usually in October and January. It’s up to the students to decide which deadline works best for them. You should finish your language and skills tests three months before the deadline. The last three months should ensure the application form is filled out correctly.
For the September intake, it is crucial to finish the “complete application process,” which includes attending interviews and applying for a visa, by June or July.
The most popular time to start at a top college or course is in the fall, which begins in September. It depends on the course you want to take because January isn’t a good time for many courses.
If you want to get into a vocational course, you may be able to do so in January or even May or July.
Language testing for Study in USA
Standardized language exams like the International English Language Testing System (IELTS), Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL), and Pearson Test of English (PTE) must be taken to be considered for college entrance. These adhere to various forms, structures, and outcome bands. Although each of these examinations is unique, many institutions still require test results. Therefore, it is up to the student to choose which exam to take.
Exam repetition: You may take the IELTS exam as many times as you like. Although the TOEFL can be retaken as much as desired, it can only be taken once every 12 days. The same is true of PTE; it may be taken as often as desired. Before scheduling your next exam, you must wait for your results.
IELTS, TOEFL, and PTE all have regular fees of NRS 25,000, NRS 25,000 (US $190), and NRS 25,000, respectively.
If you want to start school in September, you should ideally finish these exams by November so you can send in your application before the first deadline. The universities to which you apply will specify which exam results will be accepted. However, if you can choose either of them, it is up to you. The IELTS, TOEFL, and PTE preparation times will vary depending on the level of English language skill. You can need two to four months to prepare for the exam.
GMAT: The Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) is used to see if a person who wants to get an MBA has the skills to go to college and study business or management. It tests the student’s skills in math, English, and reasoning.
GRE: The Graduate Record Examination is another test students who want to get an MA or MS at a graduate school must take. More and more business schools accept GRE scores to get into an MBA program.
LSAT: The LSAT, or Law School Admission Test, is a standard test that is a big part of getting into law school. It allows law schools to measure applicants’ ability to read and use language to make decisions.
SAT: The Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT) measures the reading and Writing skills you need to do well in college. This test measures how well the people taking it can analyze and solve problems, skills they learned in school and will need in college. Students in high school often take the SAT to get into UG courses.
Applying to a university will tell you which test scores are needed for the course you want to take. But if they give you a choice between these two, it’s up to you to decide.
Fees and Retakes: You can take the GMAT as often as you want, but you can only do so five times a year, with a 30-day break between tests. You can retake these tests after 30 days have passed since the first time. GRE costs Rs 27,000 (US $213), GMAT costs Rs 35,000 (US $275), and LSAT costs Rs 6,000
If you want to start in September, you should take these tests as soon as possible, preferably by November, so that you can apply before the first deadline. Most people spend between 4 and 6 months studying for these tests.
Average Scores: 547 is the average score on the GMAT that universities accept. The average Verbal GRE score is 155, Quantitative is 167, and Writing is 5.0. The average LSAT score that universities will accept is 162.
It’s important to remember that these numbers are just for reference, and the actual scores may vary from university to university.
On average, a student spends between $12,000 and $15,000 per year. But a student’s costs also depend on where they live. A student living in a big city like New York, San Francisco, Chicago, etc. could spend up to $18,000 per year, while a student in the suburbs would spend between $10,000 and $12,000 per year. Students who want to visit the U.S. can also figure out the total.
The cost of living depends greatly on where you live in the U.S. and how much you hang out with others. Some of the most essential things for an international student to know about living in the U.S. are:
1. Accommodation rent ( on campus or off campus )
2. Food and grocery items
3. Utilities like electricity, water, gas, and the internet
4. The phone bill
5. Textbooks and dictionaries
6. Cost of the flight back to Nepal.
Other things that may be different for each person are:
1. Traveling and Taking a Vacation
2. Car insurance and car rental
3. Cable T.V. connection
Cost of Education in the U.S.
The cost of tuition is different at different universities, for various courses, and in other cities. For an undergraduate course in the U.S., the average cost of education could be Rs 22.82 lakh per year. And if you want to take a post-graduate course, it would cost you around Rs 20.37 lakh per year. It’s important to remember that the price of a program at a U.S. school doesn’t always indicate how good it is. It can be as low as $10,000 yearly for state schools and $50,000 for some private schools. READ how much it costs to study in the U.S.
Average tuition fees for the first year of U.G. courses are based on 2282 BE/Btech courses in the USA.
Note: Average P.G. course tuition fees for the first year are based on 2665 MS courses in the USA.
Health care coverage
International students must stay abroad for a long time and get an insurance policy. Most insurance costs between $500 and $1,000 per year. Before you buy insurance, ensure it covers medical bills, accidents, dental care, interrupted studies, lost passports, and so on. Insurance is mostly cashless, meaning a student doesn’t have to pay money when hospitalized.
Scholarships for studying in the US
International students can get fee waivers based on how well they do in school and how much help they need. Scholarships and other forms of financial aid are available to students who do well in school, do well on standardized tests, and do well in extracurricular activities. To take advantage of these chances, you must send in all the necessary paperwork by a certain date. How the application is put together is also important because people judge you based on your appearance.
Documents required: The following documents are usually needed to apply for a scholarship, but the requirements may be different:
1. Photocopies and copies of academic records
2. A recent CV A letter of intent, which serves as a cover page
3. Language Proficiency Certificate (TOEFL or IELTS scores)
4. Reference letters (LOR)
Education Loan for Studying in the US
Student eligibility criteria: The first thing you need to do is find out if you can apply for the loan or not. All banks follow the same general eligibility rules, which are:
1. It would help if you were an Indian citizen
2. You must have a good record in school.
3. You must want to get into a professional, technical, or another course of study. Most banks say that the course chosen should be related to the job.
4. You must have gotten into a foreign college or university.
5. If you are younger than 18, your parents can get the loan for you.
You might not be able to get a loan for every course. Here are the kinds of courses for which the education loan can be used.
For graduation, well-known universities offer professional or technical courses that lead to jobs.
For postgraduate degrees, they accept MCA, MBA, MS, and diplomas.
These courses could be from foreign universities or institutes to which the state and central governments have approved.
Loan amount: If your total fee is Rs 15 lakh, the bank may offer to give a loan of 80% of the amount, and you will have to put in the balance of 20%. This is called the margin amount. Public sector banks generally offer a maximum loan for studying abroad, around Rs 30 lakh. However, many private banks offer loans amount more than Rs 30 lakh as well, and it depends on the total of the institution you have applied to. Some banks charge a processing fee, while others don’t. It may be a fixed amount or a percentage of the total loan amount. So if the bank charges you 1% as a processing fee, that will be an additional cost you’ll have to cover.
Documents needed: You’ll need to show the letter of acceptance from the University that says you’ve been chosen for the course and the list of fees. To show your academic record, you will also need to show the mark sheet from your last qualifying exam.
All banks have different documentation requirements, so you should check with the bank first.
Repayment: You don’t have to pay anything back until the course ends. If the student got a job within a year of finishing the course, the repayment should start as soon as one month has passed from the date of the job.
If you don’t get a job within a year of finishing the course, you have to start paying back the loan whether you have a job or not. After the payments begin, the loan is usually paid back in 5–7 years. If the student can’t finish the course in the allotted time, they may be given up to two more years to do so. Most of the time, you’ll have up to 10 years to pay back the loan.
What kinds of Visas are there in the US?
There are three different kinds of US student visas:
1. F1 Student Visa
Students who want to join a program that requires studying more than 18 hours a week need an F1 visa. This includes undergraduate and graduate programs, such as MS, MBA, etc.
The F-2 visa is for the spouse or child of someone with an F-1 visa. Please note that spouses can’t work but can come with you or apply for their visa to work or study in the US.
2. J1 Exchange Visitor Visa
Students, visiting scholars, or lecturers participating in an exchange program can get a J-1 Exchange Visitor Visa. For example, Fulbright scholars and many students from Indian universities on short-term study abroad programs will use a J-1 visa to travel to the US.
Most people who want a J1 visa are working professionals who want to go to the US on an exchange program. This is why the visa is called an “Exchange Visitor Visa.” These can be things like a 10-month job training program or a research fellowship, among other things. No matter what happens, the right institutions will tell the applicants about it.
The J-2 Visa is for the spouse or child of a person with a J-1 Visa. Please keep in mind that spouses can work if they get permission ahead of time.
3. M-1 Student Visa for Vocational or Non-Academic Study
The M1 visa is a student visa for schools that teach trades and skills. The process is still the same as for an F1 access, but M1 visas have a time stamp when you enter, so students can’t stay longer than they should.
What do you need to do to get a Student Visa in the US?
The VISA is The following are some of the requirements for a US Student Visa. If you want to go to college or university in the US, you will need an F1 student visa. And conditions for a US Student Visa include
Valid Passport: Your passport must be good for at least six months after you leave the United States.
Nonimmigrant Visa Application, Form DS-160 confirmation page
You need a receipt for the application fee because you must pay before your interview.
Photo: The US consulate will upload your photo. You will also need to make an appointment with the consulate for the same reason. You will have to go to the center for consular services. Along with getting a digital photo of you, all of your fingerprints will be scanned. You’ll need to carry an approval receipt from the consulate, which will be given to you after your photo and finger scan go well.
Nonimmigrant Certificate of Eligibility (F-1) Status as a Student: Your school will send you a Form I-20 that SEVIS created once they have entered your information into the SEVIS database. You and an official from your school must both sign the Form I-20. The Student and Exchange Visitor System needs to know about every student, their spouse, and any minor children who plan to live in the United States with the student (SEVIS).
Note: You may need to send in more paperwork. During the personal interview, the interviewer might ask for more documents. These could be papers that show proof of your academic or financial status. These things are:
Transcripts, diplomas, degrees, or certificates from the schools you attended
Scores from tests like the TOEFL, SAT, GRE, or GMAT that your US school made you take.
Your plan to leave the United States when the course of study is over
How will you pay for school, living costs, and travel
How to get a visa to study in the US?
To get a visa, you have to do a few things. Among these are
1. Fill out the Visa Application Form DS-160 online.
2. After you fill out the online application for a visa, you will have to pay the non-refundable visa application fee. It’s something you have to pay for before your interview. You can pay for it online or through a bank transfer.
3. Print the confirmation page of the application form and bring it with you to your interview.
4. Set up a time for your biometrics and an interview.
5. For the Biometric appointment, you will have to show up in person to get your photo taken for the visa, and your fingerprints scanned.
6. At the personal interview, the interviewer will ask you about your choice, college, money, and whether you plan to return. If they are convinced, they or she will keep your passport with them or get her visa stamped.
7. F-1 student visas can be given out up to 120 days before your course of study begins. You won’t be able to enter the US as an F-1 student 30 days before your start date, though.
Permit to work
During the first year of school, students are not allowed to work anywhere else. After one year of school, the US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) may permit one to work off campus, but this doesn’t happen often. F-1 students can get jobs on campus at your school without getting permission from USCIS first.
The most a student can work in a week is 20 hours. The student can work up to 40 hours per week during breaks, vacations, and the summer. The student can work for a business that does work for the college, like a bookstore or cafeteria. Working more than 20 hours a week can lead to problems, like losing your student status or being sent home.
It is against the law to work in places like hotels, motels, gas stations, liquor stores, etc. If you get caught, you could be deported or have trouble getting work authorization in the future because of your immigration status.
Visa for spouse
A dependent visa, an F2 visa, is given to the student’s spouse or children.
A spouse with F-2 status can’t sign up for an entire course of study, but they can take vocational or fun classes, like cooking or tennis, to pursue a hobby or interest. A child with F2 status can go to grade school, middle school, or high school full-time. They can’t go to college or university full-time.
Students can’t work at any time, nor can their spouses or children.
1. Get plane tickets
2. Buy insurance for travel and health
3. Set up a place to stay in the US
4. Set up transportation to and from the airport and back to your US home.
5. Set up your banking and think about getting traveler’s checks.
6. Check the limits on luggage and customs
7. Finish all of the paperwork with your home school.
Get your papers in order and make copies to keep in your luggage and at home, such as:
1. Airline tickets and a passport
2. Certificate of travel insurance Letter of acceptance from the school;
3. Numbers and addresses that are important
4. A bank statement that proves you have money.
5. Prescriptions for any medicines you have with you
6. Traveler’s cheques—if applicable
7. Medical records and proof of vaccinations
8. History of grades and transcripts from college
Shopping in the US: In the US, enormous shopping malls and supermarkets like Wal-Mart and Target are one-stop shops where you can get everything you need for the day. Ensure all your shopping is billed correctly and you have the bills.
Learn the basics of cooking. If you cook for yourself, you can save money. In the US, Indian food is pricey. It will also stop you from wanting to eat “your food” when you miss home. Indian spices aren’t always easy to find in smaller cities, but you might be able to find them in shops on campus. Most Indian food is made with ingredients that can be found in these shops.
Travel: Every big city in the US has different ways to get around, such as buses, taxis, trains, and subways. But public transportation isn’t excellent. There aren’t as many stops, and places aren’t well linked. You might have to use your own car to get around most of the time. Even though gas prices are rising, private cars are still the most cost-effective and convenient way to get around. This is because you have a lot of freedom and flexibility when you have a car. You can go wherever and whenever you want, and you don’t have to worry about when public transportation is running. But you will have to use public transport or ask friends for rides before you can buy your car.
Stay on a Student Visa: If you come to the US on a student visa, you can stay there as long as you are enrolled in school and need to finish your program. After the program, you’ll have 60 days to leave the United States. You can look for work or leave the country to return to India during this time.
Optional Practical Training(OPT)
OPT stands for “optional practical training.” If students want to stay in the US to learn about their subject in the real world, they can do so through OPT. A temporary work permit lets students work for a year in their field of study.
1. Pre-completion OPT
2. Post-completion OPT
Through pre-completion OPT, students can work in their field of study if they want to. Students still in school can get permission to work with this permit. They can work part-time during classes and full-time during breaks.
Duration: Students with a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree can take up to 12 months of OPT. Under the STEM OPT extension, students in STEM fields get an extra 17 months, for a total of 29 months.
Post-completion OPT is needed for students who have finished their education and want to work more than 20 hours per week. This OPT is given so that the student can work full-time. Students can’t start a new course of study while on OPT unless they are Ph.D. students.
Applying for OPT: The student must start the request for OPT by having their DSO (Designated School Official) recommend OPT. To do this, the DSO must:
1. Endorse Form I-20
2. Making the right notes in SEVIS.
The student then fills out Form I-765, which is an application for an EAD (Employment Authorization Document). Once approved, EAD is given to the student. Once the EAD is given to the student, he or she can start working.
Program for Co-Op Education
In a cooperative program, work and school are done at different times. The Student Co-Op Program is a formal program whose goal is to hire students for permanent jobs after they graduate while they are still in school. Colleges and universities are usually where co-op programs take place. You will most likely be paid by the hour, and depending on the course or major you choose, you can make between $10 and $16 per hour.
Nepali students are used to getting jobs through campus placements and being hired on campus. In America, there is no such thing as a placement. Most US universities have a “Career Services Center” that helps people find jobs and get ready for interviews. Recruiting on campus is always based on what students are interested in. A company that hires through a university does not offer a job directly. What they offer is a co-op or an internship. Before hiring you full-time, companies like to see your work for a few months.
Here are some resources that may be helpful to you as you consider studying in the United States:
The U.S. Department of State’s EducationUSA website (https://educationusa.state.gov/) provides information for international students on how to apply to colleges and universities in the U.S.
CollegeBoard’s International Student Handbook (https://bigfuture.collegeboard.org/global) provides information on the process of applying to colleges and universities in the U.S. as an international student.